Malaria Fact Sheet in Nigeria - Adams Health Blog

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Wednesday, 8 May 2013

Malaria Fact Sheet in Nigeria

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NIGERIA MALARIA FACT SHEET Nigeria Malaria Fact Sheet United States Embassy in Nigeria Malaria Worldwide Malaria affects 3.3 billion people, or half of the world’s population, in106 countries and territories. WHO estimates 216 million cases of malaria occurred in 2010, 81% in the African region. WHO estimates there were 655,000 malaria deaths in 2010, 91% in the African Region, and 86% were children under 5 years of age. Malaria is the 3rd leading cause of death for children under five years worldwide, after pneumonia and diarrheal disease. Malaria in Africa Thirty countries in Sub-Saharan Africa account for 90% of global malaria deaths. Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, and Uganda account for nearly 50% of the global malaria deaths. Malaria is the 2nd leading cause of death from infectious diseases in Africa, after HIV/AIDS. Almost 1 out of 5 deaths of children under 5 in Africa is due to malaria. Malaria and HIV Malaria causes anemia which may require blood transfusions, a procedure that increases the risk for HIV infection where universal blood screening is yet to be achieved. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are at an increased risk of clinical malaria, severe illness, hospitalization, and death. Malaria contributes to a temporary increase in viral load among HIV-infected people which may worsen the clinical disease, increase mother-to child transmission, and augment transmission in adults.
Malaria in Nigeria Malaria is a major public health problem in Nigeria where it accounts for more cases and deaths than any other country in the world. Malaria is a risk for 97% of Nigeria’s population. The remaining 3% of the population live in the malaria free highlands. There are an estimated 100 million malaria cases with over 300,000 deaths per year in Nigeria. This compares with 215,000 deaths per year in Nigeria from HIV/AIDS. Malaria contributes to an estimated 11% of maternal mortality. Malaria accounts for 60% of outpatient visits and 30% of hospitalizations among children under five years of age in Nigeria. Malaria has the greatest prevalence, close to 50%, in children age 6-59 months in the South West, North Central, and North West regions. Malaria has the least prevalence, 27.6 percent, in children age 6 to 59 months in the South East region.
49.4 48.2
30.9 27.6 0 10 20 30 40
60 South West North Central North West
South South
North East South East
Microscopy positive
Malaria Prevalence Among Children Age 6-59 Months In Nigeria (percent)
United States Embassy in Nigeria
December 2011 Economic Section, United States Embassy in Nigeria Plot 1075, Diplomatic Drive Central Area Abuja, FCT, Nigeria Tel: (+234 9) 461 4000; Website:

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